Geography of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Geography of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Luckily, the geography of Bosnia and Herzegovina is such that the entire territory, with the exception of a certain part located in the north, lies within the Dinaric highland, which is characterized by the presence of a large number of low mountain ranges stretching north-west to the south-east of the country.

Amazing geography of Bosnia and Herzegovina

So that in large part the geography of Bosnia and Herzegovina is determined by this mountain character of its territory, and one of the highest mountain peaks of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the top of Mount Maglic with a height of 2386 meters, which is located in the central part of the country closer to the border with Croatia.

Unlike many mountain ranges located in Europe, the mountains of Bosnia and Herzegovina do not have granite or igneous base but contain mainly limestone sedimentary rocks, which largely explains the presence in this area of a fairly large number of karst caves, underground rivers, and hollow formations. At the same time, one of the largest formations of this kind is located in the area of Livansko-Polye, which covers an area of more than 400 square kilometers, dotted with all sorts of karst formations.

However geography, in the presence of this kind of structure of the mountain ranges of Bosnia and Herzegovina has its negative sides. After all, being formed during the so-called Alpine folding and within the Alpine-Himalayan belt, the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina is a seismically active territory among the entire Dinaric highland. What was particularly evident on October 27, 1969, during a devastating earthquake that led to the complete destruction of the city of Banja Luka.

The climate of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Most of the country’s territory is characterized by a moderate continental climate, which determines a rather warm summer and a mild winter. At the same time, the climate of Bosnia and Herzegovina, in its south-western part, is mainly characterized as a pronounced subtropical Mediterranean climate. This is largely due to the proximity of the Adriatic Sea and the presence of the high mountainous part of the country.

In addition, this climate character of a significant part of Bosnia and Herzegovina determines that the precipitations falling during the year are fairly evenly distributed over its territory and amount to from 100 to 800 millimeters of precipitation in the continental part of the country and 1500-1800 millimeters of precipitation in mountainous areas Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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Nadja Kovačević
Nadja Kovačević
English editor of GuideBosnia
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