Statehood Day in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Politicians in Bosnia and Herzegovina failed to reach an agreement on which important event in the history of Bosnia and Herzegovina should be chosen for commemoration.
How to celebrate it?
In the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, November 25th It is celebrated as National Day but not all people of the same country would agree on that date. This date in history is seen by many politicians and citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina as essential because on this day in 1943, Antifascist Council of Bosnia and Herzegovina (ZAVNOBiH) adopted the resolution by which Bosnia and Herzegovina declared an equal community of Serbs, Muslims and Croats (such as this country).
On the other side, Bosnian Serbs denied the historic significance of the resolution of 1943 and believe that this day should be celebrated on November 21, because the Dayton Peace Agreement was signed on November 21, 1995.
Many people in Bosnia and Herzegovina do not consider it Dayton Agreement as an ideal solution, because a special entity was created under the name Republika Srpska.
Republika Srpska’s leaders, who advocate for the November 21st commemoration, are not in favor of a unified BiH, and on 25 November they see it as a symbol of state unity that undermines their vision of the state.
On the occasion of November 25, 2008, Milorad Dodik, the prime minister Serbian republic, said: “The November 25th celebration is the artificial imposition of a story about the alleged continuity of statehood that did not exist”.
On the other side, Bosnian Croat Željko Komšić, one of the three members of the state presidency, stated in 2008, claiming against the Serbs: “The date of signing the Dayton Peace Agreement which I consider to be an important date in the recent history of Bosnia, which should be celebrated in a dignified way, but on November 25th, the date of the celebration of ZAVNOBiH- and, I make decisions, I personally consider the undisputed, inviolable and only Bosnia’s Statehood Day. ”
In January 2009, the Ministry of Civil Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina proposed a common law on holidays that would abolish days specific to the Federation or Republika Srpska.
None of the proposed holidays (New Year, May Day, Anti-Fascist Day, International Day of Violence) would have anything to do with specific national issues in Bosnia.
However, this proposal met the resistance of Bosniak parliamentarians. The Council of Ministers, however, made a final decision on July 17, 2009: Bosnia and Herzegovina will only have “international” annual holidays.
No national day in the right sense was included in their proposal. This decision was again criticized by Bosniaks, as “their” dates are not included. This proposal has yet to be debated in Parliament, and probably will not be adopted.
Therefore, Bosnia and Herzegovina is still a country without a national day, or, more precisely, with several competitors.
In front of the Tourist Guide Mostar, we can proudly say that, regardless of the outcome and historical events, the only national day of Bosnia and Herzegovina is celebrated when the stability of all people is considered to be the same.